ATALY IN PUBLIC LIFE OF THE KARACHAY AND BALKARIANS
Bolurova Aminat Niyazbievna
Karachay-Cherkess State University
Abstract. The article deals with the role of atalyk in the system of national education of Karachai and Balkar people. It is emphasized that in the XIX early XX centuries. it was distributed mainly in the princely-noble environment. And if we assume that the basis of atalychestvo genetically associated with avukulatom, group marriage or popular superstitions, then later it is certainly based on the class vassal-suverennye principle, widespread among many peoples of the middle ages. It was one of the forms of social relations between the class of the propertied and the dependent estates.
Keywords: atalychestvo, social life, estates, research, parents, Karachay-Balkars, pupil, ethnos