FEATURES OF THE STRUCTURE OF SIMPLE SENTENCES IN SANSKRIT
Baluta Anastasia Anatolyevna, Salanki Brahmaditya
Moscow State Regional University
Abstract. This article is devoted to the study of the structure of simple sentences in Sanskrit based on the material of the Bhagavad Gita text, in particular, the structure of sentences complicated by participial constructions. In the course of the study, it is possible to establish that the main type of participles that complicate simple sentences in Sanskrit are the aoristic participles of the active and passive voice, which in the Western linguistic tradition (English translation), as well as most of the Sanskrit past participles, are classified as participium perfecti passivi. Aorist participles can be translated into Russian by past and present participles of the real and passive voice, short adjectives and verbs in the past tense.
Keywords: simple sentence, participles, participial turns, Bhagavad Gita.
Volume 5, Issue 2(19) p. 32-35 PDF