Aims and scope
Chronos: Social sciences aims to provide a modern intercultural approach to knowledge of the humanities around the world and their empirical and evidence-based effects.
We strive to publish high-quality articles that are of interest to an international readership, including researchers, practicing teachers, administrators, and others in good practice, research methodology, education, and humanities policymaking. Currently, the journal is focused on global diversification, and the journal welcomes articles on international collaborative research and articles from around the world.
The following types of publications are considered: editorials, review articles, original research articles, letters to the editor, comments, research transcripts, and social science short messages.
Peer review is the evaluation of manuscripts submitted to Chronos by experts in related fields. Peer review allows authors to receive critical reviews from expert manuscripts.
Reviewers evaluate submitted manuscripts objectively. They express their opinions clearly and support their comments.
All submitted manuscripts remain confidential. Reviewers are not allowed to share or disclose unpublished information in the manuscript.
Chronos reviewers avoid evaluating manuscripts that have a conflict of interest. They contact editors if a conflict of interest arises that could affect their assessment of the manuscript. In such cases, they can refuse to review the manuscript. Reviewers can recommend to the author/authors any related work that is not cited.
We use a double blind peer review system: the names of reviewers and authors remain anonymous. Each submitted manuscript is reviewed by at least two experts. In some rare cases, we may begin the third round of peer review as recommended by editors and reviewers.
Whether intentional or not, plagiarism is a serious offense. Plagiarism is about copying ideas, text, data, and other creative work (such as tables, figures, and graphs) and presenting them as original research without proper citation. We define plagiarism as a case where an article reproduces another work with at least 15% similarity and no citation.
If evidence of plagiarism is found before / after the acceptance or after the publication of the article, the author will be offered the opportunity to refute. If the arguments are not found satisfactory, the manuscript will be withdrawn, and the author will have the right not to publish the articles for a period determined by the managing editor (editors).
Screening for Plagiarism
We check each plagiarism claim using special software at www.ithenticate.com to prevent such unethical actions
Compliance with the standard I4OC
In 2017, the I4OC open citation project was launched, which builds on collaboration between scientific periodical publishers, academics and readers to provide access to the latest research information and citation data for publicly available articles. The I4OC standard is mandatory for publications indexed in Scopus and Web of Science and is part of the generally accepted concept of open access of scientific research results for journals that distribute scientific research under full open access rights.
The main purpose of the I4OC standard is to create structured, segregated and open citations. Structuring makes it possible to express data about each publication in machine-readable formats and provide programmatic access to them. Splitting citations gives access to each individual publication without reference to the edition in which it is published. The openness of citations facilitates the discovery and citation of articles in the public domain.
The Chronos edition supports the I4OC standard and transfers structured data about publications to the Crossref service as part of its participation in the Crossref’s Cited-by service. This approach allows us to process data and synchronize it with libraries and citation databases, effectively track links to publications, and analyze the scientometric rating of researchers who are our authors. The participation of the scientific journal “Chronos” in the I4OC initiative allows our authors to post their articles in the open access for optimal search, reading, use and citation of publications. The publication can create new services based on open citation data for publishers, academic institutions, organizations and readers. Those interested in scientific literature can view the open citation chart and explore the relationship between areas of scientific knowledge and the development of scientific disciplines.
It is an open access magazine, which means that all content is available free of charge to the user or his/her institution. Users may read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full text of articles in this journal without prior permission from the publisher or author. This is in line with the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) definition of open access.
Chronos Articles are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ which allows you to copy and redistribute material in any medium or format.
Authors retain copyright.
The authors transfer the rights to the editorial office of the journal to:
publication of the article in Ukrainian/English/Russian and distribution of its printed version.
translation of the article in English (for articles in Ukrainian and Russian) and distribution of the printed version of the translation.
distribution of the electronic version of the article, as well as the electronic version of the English-language translation of the article (for articles in Ukrainian and Russian), through any electronic means (placement on the official website of the journal, in electronic databases, repositories, etc.).
The author reserves the right without the consent of the editorial board:
Use the materials of the article in whole or in part for educational purposes.
Use the materials of the article in whole or in part for writing your own dissertations.
Use the materials of the article to prepare abstracts, conference reports, as well as oral presentations.
Submit electronic copies of the article (including the final electronic version downloaded from the official website of the journal) to:
personal web resources of all authors (web sites, web pages, blogs, etc.);
web resources of institutions where authors work (including electronic institutional repositories)
In all cases, the presence of a bibliographic link to the article or a hyperlink to its electronic copy on the official website of the journal is required.
Ethical principles of journal publication
The publication of an article in the peer-reviewed journal Chronos is an important contribution to the development of scientific thought. This is a direct reflection of the quality of the work of the authors and the organizations that support them. Peer-reviewed articles support and implement scientific methods. Therefore, it is very important to establish standards of ethical behavior for all parties involved in the act of publishing: the author, editor of the journal, reviewer, publisher and society.
The Serenity-Group, as the publisher of the Chronos journal, undertakes the responsibility of overseeing all stages of publication. We recognize our ethical and other responsibilities.
We guarantee that advertising, reprints or other commercial profits do not affect editorial decisions.
RESPONSIBILITIES OF AUTHORS
The author should clearly indicate situations in their work where research is related to chemicals, physical and chemical processes or equipment, during which there is a risk to human or animal health. If the research involves the use of animals or humans as subjects, the author must ensure that all procedures were conducted according to the relevant laws and institutional principles, as well as the fact that the relevant government agencies have given their approval. The presented paper should include application and confirmation from the relevant authorities on consent to experiments with people. The right of the person involved in the experiment to privacy must always be followed.
Authors of original research reports must provide an accurate account of the work performed, as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Basic data must be accurately presented in the article. The article should contain enough details and links to allow others to redo the work.
Fake or knowingly inaccurate statements are unethical and unacceptable.
Review and professional publications must be accurate and objective.
DATA ACCESS AND SECURITY
Authors may be asked to provide background data related to the publication for editorial review. Also, authors should be prepared to provide public access to this data (if possible) and should, in any case, retain this data for a reasonable time after publication.
ORIGINALITY AND PLAGIUM
Authors must ensure that they have written completely original works. If authors have used a previously published work, then they must correctly link to it. Plagiarism today takes a variety of forms, from submitting someone else’s article as the author’s own work to copying or paraphrasing significant parts of someone else’s article (without attribution) in order to appropriate the results of research conducted by others. Plagiarism in all its forms is unethical and unacceptable when published in Chronos journal.
REPEATED, EXCESSIVE OR SIMULTANEOUS PUBLICATIONS
An author should not at all publish manuscripts describing exactly the same study in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal at the same time is both unethical and unacceptable. In general, an author should not submit a previously published article for review to another journal. The publication of certain types of articles (eg, clinical guidelines, translations) in more than one journal is sometimes justified if certain conditions are met. Authors and editors of interested journals must agree to a secondary publication that reflects the same data and interpretation of the original document. Primary sources should be cited in the secondary publication.
CONFIRMATION OF SOURCES
The involvement of others in the work should always be indicated. Authors should cite publications that influenced the determination of the nature of the work submitted. Information obtained privately, such as in conversation, correspondence, or discussion with third parties, should not be used or communicated without written permission from the source. Information obtained in the course of performing confidential services, such as manuscript reviews or grant applications, should not be used without the written permission of the author of the work performed.
The authors of a publication are considered to be persons who have made a significant contribution to the development of the concept, structure, execution or interpretation of the published research. Anyone who has made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. If there are other individuals who have participated in some of the main aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged and named as contributors. Corresponding author must ensure that all suitable co-authors are included in the article, and that they have seen and approved the final version of the article and agreed to its publication.
If the work involves chemicals, procedures or equipment that pose any specific hazards associated with their use, the author should clearly indicate them in the manuscript.
DISCLOSURE AND CONFLICT OF INTEREST
All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other existing conflict of interest that may affect the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project must be disclosed. Examples of potential conflicts of interest that should be disclosed include application, consulting, shareholding, fees, paid expert opinion, patent applications/registrations, and grants and other sources of funding.
ERRORS IN PUBLISHED WORKS
If the author discovers a material error or inaccuracy in his own published work, he is obliged to promptly notify the editor of the journal and cooperate to remove or correct the article. If the editor or publisher learns from a third party that the published work contains a material error, then the author is obliged to promptly take back or correct the article or provide the editor with proof of the correctness of the original article.
RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE EDITORIAL BOARD
DECISIONS ON PUBLICATION OF ARTICLES
The editor-in-chief of the peer-reviewed journal “Chronos” is responsible for making decisions about which of the articles sent to the journal should be published. First of all, he is guided by the validity of the problematic of the submitted work and its importance for researchers and readers. The editor-in-chief is guided by the policy of the editorial board of the magazine, as well as the following legal requirements: charges of libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. The editor-in-chief may consult with other editors or reviewers in deciding whether to publish.
The editor evaluates manuscripts for their intellectual content regardless of race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnicity, citizenship, or political beliefs of the authors.
The editor and the entire editorial board should not disclose any information about the submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisors, and the publisher.
DISCLOSURE AND CONFLICT OF INTEREST
Unpublished materials described in the submitted manuscript should not be used in the editor’s own research without the written consent of the author.
Privileged information or ideas resulting from peer review must be kept confidential and cannot be used for personal gain.
Editors should refuse to participate in the review of manuscripts in which they have a conflict of interest arising from a competitive, collaborative, or other relationship or relationship with any of the authors or institutions associated with the article.
Editors should require all contributors to disclose relevant competing interests and publish corrections if competing interests are identified after publication. If necessary, other appropriate action should be taken, such as publishing a rebuttal, for example.
The editorial board of Chronos does not in any way oblige authors to cite it in their publications. Any recommendations regarding sources that will be cited in the publication are made on the basis of direct relation to the article by the author, in order to improve the final publication. Editors refer authors to relevant literature as part of the peer review process. However, instructions for citing individual journals are never given.
Participation and collaboration in research
The editor, in conjunction with the publisher, will take reasonable retaliatory measures if ethical complaints are presented regarding a submitted manuscript or published article. Such measures usually include communicating with the author of the article and giving due attention to the complaint or statement. Additional communication can also be carried out with the relevant institutes and research institutions, and if the complaint turns out to be substantiated, then a correction or recusal is published. The editorial board considers every reported fact of unethical behavior, even if it is revealed years after the publication of the article.
RESPONSIBILITIES OF REVIEWERS
PROMOTING Editorial Decisions
Peer review assists the editor in making editorial decisions and through communication between the editor and the author, and can also assist the author in improving the article. Peer review is an essential component of formal scientific communication and lies at the heart of the scientific method.
Any selected reviewer who feels unqualified to review the research presented in the manuscript, or knows that he will not be able to write immediate review, should notify the editor and absolve himself from the peer review process.
All manuscripts received for review are considered confidential documents. They are not displayed or discussed with third parties.
Reviews are conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Reviewers express their views using supportive arguments.
Confirmation of sources
Reviewers identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the author. Any statement that an observation, conclusion, or argument has already been communicated before is quoted accordingly. The reviewer also attracts the attention of the editor if he finds any significant similarity or overlap between the manuscript in question and any other published work.
DISCLOSURE AND CONFLICT OF INTEREST
Unpublished materials indicated in the submitted manuscript are not used in the reviewer’s own research without the written consent of the author. Reviewers do not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest as a result of competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or relationships with any of the authors or institutions associated with the publication.
Based on a collection of sources on publication ethics Elsevier