RUSSIA AND PARTITIONS OF POLAND
Moscow Humanitarian and Economic University
Abstract. The author of the article examines the reasons that led to numerous divisions between neighboring powers of the territory of the once powerful Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Considerable attention is paid to the role and participation of Russia in these sections. It is emphasized that Russia annexed lands inhabited by ethnically close peoples — Ukrainians and Belarusians, who professed, like the population of Russia, the Orthodox faith.
Keywords: Partitions, Poland, Russia, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Union of Lublin, nobility (gentry), magnates, king, Sejm, liberum veto, Cossacks, Catholicism, Orthodoxy, confederation, confederates, Pereyaslav Rada, Zaporozhian Sich, Bogdan Khmelnitsky, Zborovsky Treaty, Russian-Turkish wars, Frederick II, Catherine II, Stanislav August, constitution, Kingdom of Poland.