YAKOV LEONTIEVICH BERMAN (1888-1937) — LIFE AND FATE AT THE MERCY OF MENSHEVIKDEFENSIVE SENTIMENTS
Cherepanov Alexander Vladimirovich, Scientific supervisor: Tsvetkov V. Zh.
Moscow Pedagogical State University
Abstract. This article, based on archival materials not previously introduced into a wide scientific circulation, reveals the life path and views on political processes in the Soviet Union of one of the most active supporters of the internal party opposition of the 1920s. A biography of a political and military figure, little studied to date, is considered. A study of his life and activities makes it possible to present the specifics of the opposition in the armed forces of the USSR. An assessment is made of the peculiarities of the formation and evolution of his political views, and fundamental differences in his position from the officially approved party course of the mid-1920s are analyzed. The significance of Yak is also noted. L. Berman in the history of Soviet jurisprudence, his role in the development of the theory of the proletarian state.
Keywords: Internal party opposition; Red Army; theory of the proletarian state; Menshevik-defencemen; Soviet jurisprudence.