Volume 5, issue 1(18)

1. АТАЛЫЧЕСТВО В ОБЩЕСТВЕННОЙ ЖИЗНИ КАРАЧАЕВЦЕВ И БАЛКАРЦЕВ

Болурова Аминат Ниязбиевна

Аннотация. В данной статье говорится о роли аталычество в системе народного воспитания у карачаевцев и балкарцев. Подчеркивается что в XIX начале XX вв. оно было распространено главным образом в княжеско-дворянской среде. И если допустить, что в основе аталычество генетически связано с авукулатом, групповым браком или народными суевериями, то впоследствии оно, безусловно, опиралось на классовые вассально-сюверенные начала, получившие распространение у многих народов средневековья. Это была одна из форм социальных связей между классом имущих и зависимых сословий.

Ключевые слова: аталычество, общественный быт, сословия, исследование, родители, карачаево-балкарцы, воспитанник, этнос

ATALY IN PUBLIC LIFE OF THE KARACHAY AND BALKARIANS

Bolurova Aminat Niyazbievna

Abstract. The article deals with the role of atalyk in the system of national education of Karachai and Balkar people. It is emphasized that in the XIX early XX centuries. it was distributed mainly in the princely-noble environment. And if we assume that the basis of atalychestvo genetically associated with avukulatom, group marriage or popular superstitions, then later it is certainly based on the class vassal-suverennye principle, widespread among many peoples of the middle ages. It was one of the forms of social relations between the class of the propertied and the dependent estates.

Keywords: atalychestvo, social life, estates, research, parents, Karachay-Balkars, pupil, ethnos

Volume 5, Issue 1(18) p. 4-7 PDF

2. КОНЦЕПТУАЛЬНЫЕ ОСНОВАНИЯ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЙ ВЗАИМОДЕЙСТВИЯ КУЛЬТУР ЯПОНИИ И СТРАН ЗАПАДА

Астахова Анастасия Александровна

Аннотация. В статье актуализируется проблема исследований взаимодействия культур Японии и Запада и их концептуальных оснований. Выявлены признаки японской культуры в контексте ее взаимодействия с другими культурами. На основе проведенных исследований автором обоснованы фундаментальные отличия культуры Японии не только от западной культуры (интровертная личностная ориентация, ослабленное индивидуальное начало, созерцательность, интуитивный способ мышления в противовес рационально-логическому и др.), но и от других восточных культур (стремление к созданию всеобъемлющих синтезов, что обеспечивается усвоением заимствований по ретардационному пути по принципу синкретизации, который выражается в органичном «приращении» элементов других культур). Гармоничное сочетание этих признаков обусловливает специфику взаимодействия культур Японии и Запада и его изучения.

Ключевые слова: культура, взаимодействие, Япония, Восток, Запад, концептуальные основы, исследования.

CONCEPTUAL FOUNDATIONS FOR STUDYING CULTURAL INTERACTIONS IN JAPAN AND WESTERN COUNTRIES

Astakhova Anastasia Alexandrovna

Abstract. The article actualizes the problem of studies of the interaction of cultures of Japan and the West and their conceptual foundations. The signs of Japanese culture in the context of its interaction with other cultures are revealed. Based on the research, the author substantiated the fundamental differences between Japanese culture and Western culture (introverted personality orientation, a weakened individual beginning, contemplation, an intuitive way of thinking as opposed to a rational-logical one, etc.), but also from other oriental cultures (the desire to create comprehensive syntheses, which is ensured by the assimilation of borrowings along the retardation path according to the principle of syncretization, which is expressed in the organic “increment” of the elements of other cultures). A harmonious combination of these features determines the specifics of the interaction of cultures of Japan and the West and its study.

Keywords: culture, interaction, Japan, East, West, conceptual foundations, research.

Volume 5, Issue 1(18) p. 8-10 PDF

3. MENTAL ILLNESS FROM ANTHROPOECOLOGY’S POINT OF VIEW (Part 2 of 2)

Leonel Chacon Anchondo

Abstract. There are and there have been great divergences generated in the mind of human being and as a corollary it can be said that for millennia human being has been mentally ill. Although we all agree that the current situation is chaos due to climate change, drug addiction and social decomposition, among others, are effect and not cause. These concepts are not about confronting the «good» with the «bad», but to raise awareness about the differences and disparities of our daily act and correct them to obtain a peaceful coexistence. As humanity, our mental fixations and mental illnesses over time, in different nations, cultures and religions, are as diverse as opposite, going from one extreme to another; the best example of this is the approach that each culture and religion gives homosexuality, Catholic and Muslim religion totally reject it, while Buddhism approves it without criticism; Another culture, Zapotecs (Mexico) considered muxes (homosexual men) part of a third sex, no better or worse than men and women, simply different. Another discrepancy is left-handed people who have been considered inferior. In Catholic schools, left-handed people were forced to write with right hand. In Islam and Middle East, everything that comes from left hand is considered impure. Discrimination comes to Japan and covers whole world except Buddhism. For centuries, human being has not been able to elucidate aspects of its existence, perhaps because of its paradigms of interest such as greed, power, money and technological progress, they have not allowed us to think about basics of human existence and its closure mental, willing to destroy itself. We have learned to be opportunists, people of goodwill are abused, today people have lost confidence by lies of rulers and worst, children have learned to lie.

Keywords: mentally ill, mental fixations, drug addiction, social decomposition, interest, greed, power, money, selfishness, corrupt.

Volume 5, Issue 1(18) p. 11-17 PDF

4. MENTAL ILLNESS FROM ANTHROPOECOLOGY’S POINT OF VIEW

Leonel Chacon Anchondo

Abstract. There are and there have been great divergences generated in the mind of human being and as a corollary it can be said that for millennia human being has been mentally ill. Although we all agree that the current situation is chaos due to climate change, drug addiction and social decomposition, among others, are effect and not cause. These concepts are not about confronting the «good» with the «bad», but to raise awareness about the differences and disparities of our daily act and correct them to obtain a peaceful coexistence. As humanity, our mental fixations and mental illnesses over time, in different nations, cultures and religions, are as diverse as opposite, going from one extreme to another; the best example of this is the approach that each culture and religion gives homosexuality, Catholic and Muslim religion totally reject it, while Buddhism approves it without criticism; Another culture, Zapotecs (Mexico) considered muxes (homosexual men) part of a third sex, no better or worse than men and women, simply different. Another discrepancy is left-handed people who have been considered inferior. In Catholic schools, left-handed people were forced to write with right hand. In Islam and Middle East, everything that comes from left hand is considered impure. Discrimination comes to Japan and covers whole world except Buddhism. For centuries, human being has not been able to elucidate aspects of its existence, perhaps because of its paradigms of interest such as greed, power, money and technological progress, they have not allowed us to think about basics of human existence and its closure mental, willing to destroy itself. We have learned to be opportunists, people of goodwill are abused, today people have lost confidence by lies of rulers and worst, children have learned to lie.

Keywords: drug addiction, social decomposition, mental illness, mental fixations, interest paradigms, greed, power, money.

Volume 5, Issue 1(18) p. 18-30 PDF

5. MENTAL ILLNESS FROM ANTHROPOECOLOGY’S POINT OF VIEW (Part 1 of 2)

Leonel Chacon Anchondo

Abstract. There are and there have been great divergences generated in the mind of human being and as a corollary it can be said that for millennia human being has been mentally ill. Although we all agree that the current situation is chaos due to climate change, drug addiction and social decomposition, among others, are effect and not cause. These concepts are not about confronting the «good» with the «bad», but to raise awareness about the differences and disparities of our daily act and correct them to obtain a peaceful coexistence. As humanity, our mental fixations and mental illnesses over time, in different nations, cultures and religions, are as diverse as opposite, going from one extreme to another; the best example of this is the approach that each culture and religion gives homosexuality, Catholic and Muslim religion totally reject it, while Buddhism approves it without criticism; Another culture, Zapotecs (Mexico) considered muxes (homosexual men) part of a third sex, no better or worse than men and women, simply different. Another discrepancy is left-handed people who have been considered inferior. In Catholic schools, left-handed people were forced to write with right hand. In Islam and Middle East, everything that comes from left hand is considered impure. Discrimination comes to Japan and covers whole world except Buddhism. For centuries, human being has not been able to elucidate aspects of its existence, perhaps because of its paradigms of interest such as greed, power, money and technological progress, they have not allowed us to think about basics of human existence and its closure mental, willing to destroy itself. We have learned to be opportunists, people of goodwill are abused, today people have lost confidence by lies of rulers and worst, children have learned to lie.

Keywords: mentally ill, mental fixations, drug addiction, social decomposition, interest, greed, power, money, selfishness, corrupt.

Volume 5, Issue 1(18) p. 30-36 PDF

6. СТРУКТУРА ЭТНИЧЕСКОЙ ИДЕНТИЧНОСТИ СОВРЕМЕННЫХ ПОДРОСТКОВ В МЕЖКУЛЬТУРНОМ ПРОСТРАНСТВЕ

Мурсалыева Гюльтакин Мазахировна

Аннотация. Период глобальных изменений в обществе, интенсивное массовое перемещение миграционных потоков предполагает изменение сознания народов, включенных в различные этнические общества. Миграция, связанная с политическими, этническими, экономическими проблемами меняет облик мегаполисов. Мигранты вынуждены вторично социализироваться в незнакомых, непривычных для них условиях, поэтому необходимо изучать структуру этнической идентичности представителей разных культур, а в рамках нашего исследования изучена структура этнической идентичности современных подростков, принадлежащих к разным этническим группам. Знание структуры этнической идентичности современных подростков помогает педагогическому коллективу в рамках образовательных учреждений способствовать успешной адаптации современных подростков из разных этнических групп в межкультурном пространстве, так как овладение навыками адаптации в динамично изменяющемся и развивающемся мире становится единственной формой для поддержания психического и физического здоровья для каждого члена общества.

Ключевые слова: этническая идентичность, подростки, межкультурное пространство

STRUCTURE OF ETHNIC IDENTITY OF MODERN ADOLESCENTS IN INTERCULTURAL SPACE

Mursalyeva Gyultakin Mazakhirovna

Abstract. The period of global changes in society, the intensive mass movement of migration flows presupposes a change in the consciousness of peoples included in various ethnic societies. Migration associated with political, ethnic, economic problems is changing the face of megacities. Migrants are forced to re-socialize in unfamiliar, unfamiliar conditions for them, so it is necessary to study the structure of the ethnic identity of representatives of different cultures, and within the framework of our study, the structure of the ethnic identity of modern adolescents belonging to different ethnic groups has been studied. Knowledge of the structure of the ethnic identity of modern adolescents helps the teaching staff within educational institutions to contribute to the successful adaptation of modern adolescents from different ethnic groups in the intercultural space, since mastering the skills of adaptation in a dynamically changing and developing world is becoming the only form for maintaining mental and physical health for each member of society.

Keywords: ethnic identity, adolescents, intercultural space

Volume 5, Issue 1(18) p. 37-40 PDF

7. СОЦИАЛЬНАЯ ЗАЩИТА ДЕТЕЙ-ИНВАЛИДОВ В РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ

Нартшаева Марина Аслановна

Аннотация. В статье анализируются основные направления социальной защиты семей, воспитывающих детей-инвалидов. Рассматриваются все виды выплат и льгот для данной категории населения в современной России.

Ключевые слова: семьи с детьми-инвалидами, ребенок-инвалид, льготы и выплаты, социальная защита.

SOCIAL PROTECTION OF DISABLED CHILDREN IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Nartshaeva Marina Aslanovna

Abstract. The article analyzes the main directions of social protection of families raising disabled children. All types of payments and benefits for this category of the population in modern Russia are considered.

Keywords: families with disabled children, disabled child, benefits and payments, social protection.

Volume 5, Issue 1(18) p. 41-42 PDF

8. КЛЮЧЕВЫЕ ОБРАЗЫ В СТИХОТВОРЕНИИ ИОСИФА БРОДСКОГО «ПРОРОЧЕСТВО»

Новикова Татьяна Петровна, Научный руководитель Романов Игорь Александрович

Аннотация. Рассматривается и анализируется специфика ключевых образов: дома, границы, окраины в стихотворении Иосифа Бродского «Пророчество»

Ключевые слова: поэзия Бродского, стихотворение, пророчество, образ дома, образ границы, образ окраины

KEY IMAGES IN JOSEPH BRODSKY’S POEM «PROPHECY»

Novikova Tatiana Petrovna, Scientific adviser: Romanov Igor Alexandrovich

Abstract. The article is discussed and analyzed the specificity of key images: house, border, suburbs in the poem by Joseph Brodsky.

Keywords: Brodsky’s Poetry, poem, prophecy, the motive of the house, the motive of the border, the motive of the suburbs.

Volume 5, Issue 1(18) p. 43-45 PDF

DOI: 10.31618/2658-7556-2020-18-1-1

9. РЕЛИГИОЗНЫЙ АСПЕКТ В ТВОРЧЕСТВЕ Г.В. ПЛЕХАНОВА

Кулак Никита Иванович

Аннотация. В статье анализируется роль и место религиозного феномена в философии Г.В. Плеханова. Рассматриваются основные работы, направленные на исследование религии. Выявляется позиция философа по основным религиозным вопросам в процессе оценки и критики философско-религиозных систем прошлого и полемике с рядом мыслителей.

Ключевые слова: Г.В. Плеханов, религия, исторический материализм.

RELIGIOUS ASPECT IN THE WORKS OF G.V. PLEKHANOV

Kulak Nikita Ivanovich

Abstract. The article analyzes the role and place of a religious phenomenon in the philosophy of G.V. Plekhanov. The main works aimed at the study of religion are considered. The position of the philosopher on the main religious issues in the process of evaluating and criticizing the philosophical and religious systems of the past and polemic with a number of thinkers is revealed.

Keywords: G.V. Plekhanov, religion, historical materialism.

Volume 5, Issue 1(18) p. 46-48 PDF

10. О ЕДИНСТВЕННОСТИ СУЩЕСТВОВАНИЯ СОВЕРШЕННОГО ФРАГМЕНТА ИЗ 16 СУЖДЕНИЙ В ТРАДИЦИОННОЙ ИНТЕГРАЛЬНОЙ СИЛЛОГИСТИКЕ

Сидоренко О. И.

Аннотация. В статье представлено доказательство единственности существования найденного и построенного автором ранее совершенного фрагмента из 16 суждений в традиционной интегральной силлогистике из 50 базисных суждений с различной семантикой. При исследованиях использован метод полного перебора с существенным ограничением числа вариантов путем учета содержательной и силлогистической полноты суждений в совершенных фрагментах, а также применения автопорождающих и взаимно порождающих правил вывода, учитывающих требования силлогистической плотности и однозначности результатов. Указанные правила получены на основе предложенного автором ранее семантического метода решения силлогизмов путем вычисления результирующих отношений. Представлены алгоритмы и приведены конкретные примеры вычислений, в результате которых выяснено, что множество совершенных фрагментов из 16 суждений в традиционной интегральной силлогистике содержит всего один фрагмент. Рассмотрены перспективы дальнейших исследований.

Ключевые слова: силлогизм, силлогистика, результирующие отношения, решение силлогизмов, построение силлогистик.

ON THE UNIQUENESS OF EXISTENCE OF PERFECT FRAGMENTS OF 16 JUDGMENTS IN A TRADITIONAL INTEGRAL SYLLOGISTICS

Sidorenko O.

Abstract. The article presents the proof of the uniqueness of the existence of the previously perfect fragment found and constructed by the author from 16 propositions in the traditional integral syllogistic of 50 basic propositions with different semantics. In the research, the method of exhaustive search was used with a significant limitation of the number of options by taking into account the content and syllogistic completeness of judgments in perfect fragments, as well as the use of self-generating and mutually generating derivation rules that take into account the requirements of syllogistic density and unambiguity of the results. The indicated rules are obtained on the basis of the semantic method for solving syllogisms proposed by the author earlier by calculating the resulting relations. Algorithms are presented and specific examples of calculations are given, as a result of which it was found that the set of perfect fragments of 16 propositions in the traditional integral syllogistic contains only one fragment. The prospects for further research are considered.

Keywords: syllogism, syllogistic, resulting relations, solution of syllogisms, constructing syllogistics.

Volume 5, Issue 1(18) p. 48-57 PDF